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The level of heterogeneity reflects the social and economic differentiation of the time period.The discussion will be limited to three artifact categories: ceramics, glass, and structural materials.The earliest records of the practice of cupping—placing heated cups on the skin to improve blood flow—were found in the Ebers Papyrus, an Egyptian medical document dating to 1500 B. E., and the Greek physician Hippocrates’s corpus of medical texts in 400 B. E.—when the Romans defeated the rebellion—with several coins inside, a clever hiding spot that remained concealed for nearly two millennia until Israeli archaeologist Yigael Yadin uncovered it in the 1960s.Amnon Ben-Tor suggests that the rebels may have been using this therapy during their confinement in the fortress. For dry cupping, the vessel was heated over a flame or in hot, scented oil and then placed on an individual’s skin, normally on the back, with the hollow opening against the skin.
Under normal light it’s a washed-out green color—but magically transforms to a blood-red vessel when lit from behind.These changes sometimes left temporally sensitive indications at the level of the artifact.The reader must appreciate that as one comes closer to the present the diversity of artifact types increases geometrically.The time frame is generally from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the First World War (1920).
Many crafts underwent industrialization and technological change during this period.The marks on his skin were the result of cupping, a medicinal treatment that has been around for millennia. Vessels used for cupping were made from a variety of materials, including bronze, horn, pottery and bamboo, and were typically shaped as balls or bells with diameters of 1 to 3 inches.